Recent flooding has demonstrated the vulnerability of North Sea Region. Municipalities have an urgent need to reduce flood risk, but lack a framework and the resources. The project is focusing on developing a transnational methodology to implement urban Flood Risk Management (FRMP) in four countries.
The project will thereby support national policy making related to the European Floods Directive and beyond. The main result will be a transnational methodology for FRM planning applicable in urban environments. In addition, the focus on long-term perspective on Climate change adaptation provides a practical follow-up to the EC green paper on climate change.
01/01/2009 - 30/12/2012
2 - Promoting the Sustainable Management of our Environment
Area of Intervention
2.3 Adapting to and reducing risks posed to society and nature by a changing climate
Leibniz University of Hannover, Faculty of Architecture and Landscape Sciences
Hannover Region Environment Department
Technical University Hamburg-Harburg
Background and Aim
Aim The overarching aim of MARE is to enable widespread implementation of local adaptive measures that mitigate flood risk.
Background Recent flooding has demonstrated the vulnerability of North Sea Region and beyond through huge economic and social disruption and even loss of life. It is firmly predicted that these events will become more frequent and severe. The viability of urban areas and their capacity to attract and retain investment is threatened. To date this crisis has not been addressed with the level of urgency and imagination it demands.
Municipalities have an urgent need to reduce flood risk, but lack capabilities, information and tools - a framework - and the resources to do so. Flood Risk Management (FRM) at urban level requires novel, advanced analytical tools that take account of food risk from rain and smaller rivers, and of community engagement strategies. This is beyond EC Flood Directive (FD) requirements that are now being implemented across Europe.
At policy level the FD provides a strong framework for integrated flood risk management. Implementation at national and regional levels however is complex, with issues ranging from arrangement of tasks and responsibilities between authorities, to requirements for FRM plans. This slows down the process.
MARE proposes an integrated approach to overcome these barriers. MARE will provide the tools, approach, experience and a policy framework for decision making on investments involving safety of people and assets at urban level. Its niche is the development of a transnational management approach to act against flood risk at urban level in the context of national FD implementation processes - but beyond FD requirements.
The core of MARE is the development and demonstration of urban FRM plans in a cooperation between local to national authorities from various countries. A shared approach will build upon Interreg IIIB tools, customized for urban FR analysis and socio-economic evaluation of FRM options. FRM plans will be developed in 4 cities across the NSR that face different types of flood risk.
MARE will result in a validated transnational methodology applicable in most urban environments. The involvement of policy-makers throughout the project ensures results are used in regional and national implementation trajectories, strengthening the basis for shared policy in the NSR.
To achieve this, MARE has created Learning and Action Alliances in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Germany and Norway. These vertical, open partnerships consist of cities, regional bodies such as provinces, national authorities and relevant academic and private partners and are horizontally linked.
Learning and Action Alliances for professional stakeholders of Flood Risk Management (FRM);
Climate Proofing Toolbox: Flood Risk analysis tool to feed into FRM plans;
Hydrological and hydrodynamic models, assessment tools for tangible and non-tangible investments, knowledge based system adaptation measures at building and urban infrastructure levels;
Development of FRM plans and investment proposals based on (re)-development projects;
Transnational methodology for urban FRM planning.
April - September 2011
WP1 has completed the LAA stakeholders analyses, included a vision statement for long term continutation by each of the LAAs.
Most of the work was related to the completion of the Multilevel-Safety pilot, that is carried out for the 'Deltaprogram Safety'. The LAA partners worked intensively together to define the high water strategies for the 'Island of Dordrecht'. This has resulted in a concept strategy document, presented to politicians at local, regional and national levels. In addition, th wider Sheffield Don strategy has began joint working with the Environment Agency, the national body responsible for main river in the UK. Sheffield has agreed to provide assistance to the Environment Agency to progress the Comprehensive Flood Model for the Sheffield system. In the Action Programme for climate the Hordaland County, Norway, has defined a project "Inter-municipal working groups in connection with the MARE (Managing Adaptive Responses to changing flood risk in the North Sea region)." This project is associated to the EU Flood Directive that is to be implemented in the EU and the EEA, which leads to the need for risk assessments, remediation and contingency plans.
The Dutch Minister of Infrastructure and the Environment Melanie Schultz van Haegen and the Delta Commissioner Wim Kuijken visited Dordrecht for briefings on MARE national policy pilots Multi Level Safety and New urban developments and restructuring (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LwsqGmwJC20).
Dordrecht won a national award for 'water, living and space' based on the water-rich development project Plan Tij.
3 MARE Dordrecht project team members were filmed by an INTERREG filmcrew. 3 statements about MARE Dordrecht were filmed and they were shown at the joint transnational conference in Poland.
October 2010 - March 2011
In this period, the MARE project has completed its theoretic 'Climate Proofing Framework' (CPF) and the first cycle of transnational review sessions for actual practices and demonstration projects in five partner cities. This completes the bottom-up development of common tools and methods for water managers for regulatory and extreme flood risk, and to design 'with water', focusing on socio-economic aspects.
In the coming periods, the CPF will be tested widely, and improved, based on application to the demonstration projects across the four regional networks. Work is already ongoing in Dordrecht, Hannover and Bergen.
MARE has established formal links with a number of national and EU policy trajectories, including the implementation of the Flood Directive (FD) in the Netherlands and Germany.
April - September 2010
The regional Learning and Action Alliances in Dordrecht, Sheffield/Rotherham, Hannover and Bergen have set up multidisciplinary work groups on various aspects of Flood Risk Management (FRM). Besides the 15 formal partners, more than 40 (mostly public) entities and 200 people are now structurally involved in the project. In close cooperation between academic entities and the five cities, a transnational Climate Proofing Framework has been defined that describes analysis tools and approaches for FRM with regards to national norms, extreme events under climate change and socio-economic needs.
Key events included a transnational design review session in Bergen, Norway, where new development and redevelopment projects were reviewed in the light of the principles of the framework. The session helped to refine practices, but also resulted in new ideas for concepts and solutions for FRM in Bergen. MARE has established various links to policy development programmes, and has become a pilot in the areas of Flood Safety and New building & Redevelopment for the Dutch national