SEEV4-City Operational Pilots
All SEEV4-City Operational Pilots are aimed at combining electromobility and renewable energies.
Beyond this scope, each project has its own particularities. Some of them are small and focused on households; others on districts. Some projects maximize the use of electric vehicles, meanwhile others count with stationary batteries. In addition, some are applied to living areas, and other to business buildings.
The objective is to encompass a variety of situations where electric vehicles and renewable energies interact, so it is possible to develop a more consistent set of good practices.
|This Operational Pilot explores the influence of relatively small V2G application in large installations. Theoretical models suggest that a small addition of energy storage can increase dramatically the proportion of renewable energy consumed in situ. The objective is to realise a cost/effectiveness evaluation, adding a limited number of EVs to a depot that currently serves as parking space forcouncil vehicles. This depot counts with a Photovoltaic (PV) installation,and already produces more than a third of the energy that it consumes.
|The focus of this pilot is on a single household equipped with PV panels which regularly produces more energy than it consumes, excluding EV charging. Through ICT integration, when the EV is parked at the house, it will charge or discharge in response to the household's electricity demand and solar energy production forecast. As a result, it is expected that the distance travelled by the EV using zero emission PV generation will more than double as a result of effective building and EV management.
Kortrijk depot (Vehicle2Business)
This Operational Pilot is placed in a depot that hosts forty workers with different mobility needs that can be fulfilled through EV use. A variety of charging modules will be installed; not only for cars but also for two electric bikes and three electric forklifts. The depot is linked to a nearby sport facility that consumes the excess of electricity produced by PV installed in the roof; the objective of this Operational Pilot is to use energy storage and control charging to maximize the use of this energy surplus for mobility purposes. The variety of EVs involved is a perfect testbed for the potential of different modes of V2G applications.
In this article, Sebastien Lefebvre from the City of Kortrijk explains that they are aiming to be energy neutral in 15 years and how SEEV4-City is supporting them in this.
|The focus will be optimizing the interaction at district level between prosumers and EVs. The chosen area of study will have the precondition of counting with enough EV usage, having significant ownership of PV installations, and having potential grid constrains problems. Landlords will not experience any change in the way they use electricity, but their excess of production will be diverted when possible to charge EVs parked in the district. ICT implementation will forecast energy generation and consumption, so in the evening the EVs parked will provide energy back to the selected households . The results of this Operational Pilot will serve as a landmark source of knowledge to apply V2G schemes in Amsterdam, and will also serve to explore the possibilities of variable energy prices in combination with V2G.
Amsterdam Arena (Vehicle2Business)
|Amsterdam Arena presents a different order of magnitude for V2G experiences, with a consumption of energy comparable to a district of 270 households. Thanks to its PV installation Amsterdam Arena already produces around 10% of the energy it consumes; but has a very high power consumption in the evenings during sport events and gigs. Consequently, Amsterdam Arena is interested in energy storage and V2G applications. The vast renewable production ensures a massive supply of clean energy to charge EVs, what translates into a manyfold increase in clean kilometers for the vehicles parked. The experiences of Amsterdam Arena can serve as a development model for other stadiums worldwide.
|This Operational Pilot focuses on five households, each one with an EV. The households are passive houses, and their electricity consumption is actually lower than an EV yearly consumption. The objective is experimenting in order to achieve maximum energy autonomy. This is expected to ramp up from 30% to 60%. In addition, the presence of five households allow to complement the inevitable differences in production and consumption patterns. This will be done through the creation of a virtual power plant and a centralized battery. The Operational Pilot will also demonstrate the extent of the advantages provided by these two applications.
Vulkan Project (Vehicle2Neighbourhood)
|This Operational Pilot focuses on the Vulkan Estate Buildings, a housing development currently under construction. The project is lead by the Municipality of Oslo, and has raised also significant interest among private investors. Vulkan Estate Buildings will count with state of the art sustainability measures; heated through geothermal and solar energy, and using electricity generated in site by PV installations or imported from hydroelectric plants. To seize the advantages of renewable energies in spite of its intermittent, a smart grid including energy storage will be created. There will be also a liberal use of EVs and V2G. In total, more than 400 EVs per day will be served, and it is expected to shave 20% electricity consumption during peak hours.